Sometimes dementia can change people’s personality, making stoical types weepy and tearful, and placid characters irritable.
Women who use a lot of the common pain reliever acetaminophen during pregnancy may be more likely to have children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) than those who don't use the drug, a Norwegian study suggests.
Over the coming weeks, these questions and many more will be answered in this major Good Health series, helping you understand everything you need to know about this disease, its diagnosis and how best to treat it.
With this, as with some other forms, there may be no memory loss at all — patients may, for example, have problems finding the right words to express themselves or have balance problems, making them prone to falls.
To determine if someone has early dementia or MCI there needs to be a referral to a memory clinic for memory tests that will be repeated at a later date to see if there has been any deterioration — which might signify dementia.
Another possible sign of dementia is struggling to find the right word or finding conversations hard to follow.
‘Apple has recently launched the M Power, which can help diagnose Parkinson’s disease by the way patients pronounce ‘Aah’ [changes in speech patterns can be a symptom of Parkinson’s disease]. I had memory tests, and scans that showed my brain had shrunk and the blood vessels leading to it had narrowed, which was highly abnormal for somebody my age.
The researchers, from the University of Leicester, found that those with Alzheimer’s were less able to identify the smells — and that the test could distinguish between those who had Alzheimer’s and those who did not with an accuracy of 86.7 per cent, according to data published in the Journal of Alzheimer’s Disease. That was the main reason for my diagnosis of Alzheimer’s.
The longer ago it is, the more it gets reinforced and imprinted.One limitation of the study is that long-term use of acetaminophen during pregnancy might indicate a more serious illness or injury, and researchers lacked data on the severity of conditions that led women to use the drug.Another drawback is that researchers relied on survey data to identify when and how long in pregnancy women used acetaminophen as well as the reasons they took the drug.Many of our drug trials fail because by the time patients are given the drugs, the brain has already been too severely affected,’ says Professor Lovestone.He predicts that simple phone apps could be used in the future.