The following are the standard surgical interventions:1.Breast conserving surgery: It is an operation to remove the cancer but not the breast itself, includes the following:v Lumpectomy: A surgical procedure to remove a tumour (lump) and a small amount of normal tissue around it.v Partial mastectomy: A surgical procedure to remove the part of the breast that contains cancer and some normal tissue around it.When clinical trials show that a new treatment is better than the standard treatment, the new treatment may become the standard treatment.Such trials are freely available in western countries and are comparatively rare in India.
Because I'm just saying, I was sick last week (as you already know; I'm not trying to evoke more sympathy here) but by sick, I don't mean just feverish, I mean totally mentally unstable. I called in sick to work on Monday and thought I was getting better.
Adjuvant therapy: Even if the doctor removes all of the cancer that can be seen at the time of surgery, the patient may be given further treatment, which depends up on the age, type of cancer, stage of cancer and ER-PR status.
This will be in the form of radiation therapy, chemotherapy or hormone therapy.
This is done through a separate incision.v Modified radical mastectomy: A surgical procedure to remove the whole breast that contains cancer, many of the lymph nodes under the arm, the lining over the chest muscles, and sometimes, part of the chest wall muscles.v Radical mastectomy: A surgical procedure to remove the breast that contains cancer, chest wall muscles under the breast, and all of the lymph nodes under the arm.
This procedure is sometimes called a Halsted radical mastectomy.