Targum pseudo jonathan dating

He states: Plundered is the Canaan with every evil; Carried off is Ashkelon; seized upon is Gezer; Yanoam is made as that which does not exist; Israel is laid waste, his seed is not; (ANET 1969, 378). The word "Israel" here is written in Egyptian with the determinative for people rather than land (ANET 1969, 378 note 18). The Chief of Bowmen of the Wells of Mer-ne-Ptah Hotep-hir-Maat--life, prosperity, health! --which is (on) the mountain range, arrived for a (judicial) investigation in the fortress which is in Sile (ANET 1969, 258). This stele puts a terminus ante quem date of 1210 BC for the exodus (Mc Carter 1992, 132). There are two types of execration texts from the 12th Dynasty of Egypt.

The second type, dating a generation or two later (Middle Bronze II, 1800-1630 BC) are clay figurines which list cities along major routes of travel (Mc Carter 1996, 43). "How Not to Create a History of the Exodus-A Critique of Professor Goedicke's Theories." Biblical Archaeology Review 7:6 (November/December).

One scene is the battle against the city of Ashkelon which is specifically named.

Yurco argues that the other two city scenes are Gezer and Yanoam.

One of the most important discoveries that relate to the time of the Exodus is the Merneptah stele which dates to about 1210 BC. "Rainey's Challenge." Biblical Archaeology Review 17:6 (November/December).

Merneptah, the king of Egypt, boasts that he has destroyed his enemies in Canaan.

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